Possible Explanations for Allergies at Home
Concerned about dust mites leading to an allergenic environment at home? Allergies are now the sixth leading reason for developing chronic illness in the United States. With an estimated annual cost of over $18 billion. Here are a few suggestions to identify and tackle the problem. Dust mites are actually microscopic organisms which live on dead skin shed by animals and humans.
Though they are harmless to people, they might cause allergic reactions to individuals like children and the elderly who are vulnerable. Scales and skin cells usually get concentrated in areas like lounges, mattresses, carpets and frequently used furniture. These become the food for the organisms.
If you have pet animals like dogs and cats they too are responsible for creating more dander in your home. The US National Library of Medicine claims “These animal allergens are found in dander, saliva, and urine. They are commonly on small particles that allow airborne dispersion and also dispersion by adherence to surfaces such as clothing. The apparent constant circulation of pet allergens on shoes and clothing through public areas and into homes has made it very difficult to control symptoms from pet allergens by avoidance measures such as air cleaning“
Allergies have become one of the most frequently described symptoms for long-term health problems. Dr. Paivi Salo, and allergy expert at the National Institute of Health states ““Currently, airborne allergies affect approximately 10-30% of adults and 40% of children.” The most common place of these organisms is your bed. A used mattress may contain about 10 million dust mites. They prefer to live in warm surroundings like the inside of the mattress, pillow, in the folds etc. Though they are not really harmful and do not carry any disease, they induce allergic reactions and asthma in some people. Sometimes they can also cause nasal polyps to be grown in the nose. People who inhale dust mites are sometimes prone to bronchial asthma. Such people are also allergic to cast skins and the fecal material of the organisms.
How do you know if you have dust mites in your home? Some of the dust mites symptoms which people often mistake as seasonal allergies are: hay fever, watering eyes, sneezing, running nose, difficulty in breathing or asthma, infantile eczema, red or itchy eyes, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, itchy throat, roof of mouth or nose, cough, frequent awakening, facial pain, blue-colored or swollen skin around your eyes and upward rubbing of the nose in children. Since the insects are found all round the year the symptoms can also be around any time. They can become worse when the condition in the house is humid and warm with no ventilation. The dried fecal matter of the mites become airborne and cause allergic reactions in people.
According to Dust mite allergy symptoms caused by inflammation of nasal passages include:
- Runny nose
- Itchy, red or watery eyes
- Nasal congestion
- Itchy nose, roof of mouth or throat
- Postnasal drip
- Facial pressure and pain
- Swollen, blue-colored skin under your eyes
- In a child, frequent upward rubbing of the nose
If your dust mite allergy contributes to asthma, you may also experience:
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest tightness or pain
- An audible whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling
- Trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing
- Bouts of coughing or wheezing that are worsened by a respiratory virus such as a cold or the flu
The symptoms can be become worse if the house has poor ventilation, high temperature of above 20 degrees Celsius or 70 degrees Fahrenheit, high humidity and indoor pollution like car fumes or tobacco smoke etc. Since they are very minute you cannot see them with naked eyes. They are about 250-300 microns long and have translucent bodies. Each has eight hairy legs, no antennae and eyes, a mouth part and translucent and tough body. By using good control measures and proper sanitation you can control the amount of the organisms living in your home environment.
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